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Pit bulls get the shaft at OPAC, group says

Animal advocates are worried about breed discrimination at the Oakland Pet Adoption Center

November 14, 2012

» click to enlarge «
OPAC employee Joanie Toole visits with Capone, a pit bull orphan residing at the shelter.

OAKLAND COUNTY — For many, pets are more than just that — they’re beloved members of the family. But some animal lovers are saying that the Oakland County Pet Adoption Center is unfairly keeping some homeless pets from finding loving families.

For months, a group of animal advocates from around the county has been attending Oakland County Board of Commissioners meetings in an attempt to change what they say are poor policies being implemented at OPAC, associated with Oakland County Animal Control. The group, which has been presenting its concerns during the public comment portion of the meetings, complains that the shelter doesn’t work hard enough to reunite lost pets with their rightful owners, yields poor adoption rates, provides rude service from shelter staff and has unfair policies regarding pit bull euthanasia.

Carrie McGowan of Wolverine Lake has been attending meetings with the group because she claims she’s seen firsthand how OPAC doesn’t allow dogs that look like they could be pit bulls to be adopted-out to the general public.

McGowan works as a volunteer with local private animal rescue groups such as Paws for Life Rescue and is the co-founder of Tiny Lions Cat Rescue. She visits OPAC often to take in pets when the shelter becomes overcrowded. Recently, she adopted two dogs from OPAC that were both labeled as pit bulls. The dogs, she says, were marked with red tags indicating they weren’t available for adoption to the public or allowed to be walked by many of the shelter’s volunteer dog walkers. She says the dogs had been tagged and held at the shelter for several months.

“I doubt that the one is really even a pit bull,” she said. “Meeka was there for over three months and she’s a highly-adoptable dog. She’s great in a foster home, but not adoptable to the public because she was labeled a pit bull. It’s the same with Lola.”

McGowan says although the general public might not be able to adopt pit bulls from OPAC, private shelter groups or experienced pit bull owners might have an easier time. The reason, she says, is because pit bulls sometimes have a reputation for being more aggressive and powerful than most other breeds.

“I don’t agree with that. I think it’s the public that makes it a stigma. I don’t believe that’s true,” she said.

Madison Heights resident Courtney Protz-Sanders agrees. As executive director of Paws for Life Rescue, she says she has a great deal of experience with many dog breeds, and to pin pit bulls, Rottweilers or any other dogs as inherently aggressive is unfair.

“We’re soon to be living in 2013 — there is no room for racism, discrimination or stereotyping anymore. Society should have learned by now that you cannot judge based on how one looks, and that absolutely extends to our pets,” said Protz-Sanders.

But according to Larry Obrecht, manager of the Oakland County Animal Control Division who oversees the pet adoption center, no such blanket discrimination policy exists. The shelter animals, he said, are evaluated individually to determine temperament, aggression, health and other factors that could make an animal a desirable pet or a risky liability.

“We have no written policy for any kind of animal, but we work in a lot of places with difficult situations,” said Obrecht. “There’s not a focus on any particular dog, but it just so happens there’s an inordinate amount of pits and Rottweilers in (Oakland County.)

The reason he says the shelter needs to be careful when adopting out certain breeds is because some communities in Oakland County, such as Pontiac, tend to have more instances of dog fighting. He said it’s his job to fully investigate each animal’s background so the shelter doesn’t adopt-out a dog that’s been trained by its owners to be aggressive and could attack a new family member. Further, he said he wants to ensure that potential owners are screened as well, so dogs aren’t adopted-out to an abusive owner who intends to use the dog for illegal fighting.

“The law gives me four days to find out what’s going on, and I want at least that,” said Obrecht. “No pits go out to the general public. We do background checks to ensure they know what they’re doing. Do I put down pits? Yeah, I do. Do I put all pits down? No.”

McGowan says breed discrimination isn’t fair even to protect the dogs, explaining that people looking to adopt dogs for dog fighting aren’t looking only for pit bulls, and that a dog of any breed could be used as a “bait” dog.

Michael Zehnder, director of the Oakland County Department of Public Services, says it would be irresponsible to relax policies that keep potentially dangerous animals of any breed from going home with unknowing adoptive families.

“It’s our policy that we don’t adopt out sick or aggressive animals,” he said. “It’s better to put it down. What are we supposed to do? Adopt it out so it can be a problem for other families?”

Protz-Sanders says that her group wants to work with the shelter, not against it, to change some of OPAC’s policies and increase outcomes for all animals in Oakland County’s care. But that requires more communication between the county and concerned animal lovers.

“I would love to see a citizens’ advisory group. A group of knowledgeable people — I would recommend members of the shelter, volunteers, members of the rescue community and members of the Michigan Pet Fund. Let this group of experts take a look at your current operating policies and see how they can help you.”

McGowan agrees, saying shelter staff should evaluate each animal individually instead of trying to peg a breed.

“(Pit bulls) should have to pass a temperament test and health evaluation just like any other dog. They have adoption counselors to screen for dog fighters, and it shouldn’t end at adoption. People should be able to come back and ask for advice. And there are volunteers who are more than capable of being counselors.”

Zehnder said no such citizens’ advisory group is in the works at this time. However, several Oakland County Commissioners, including Craig Covey and Jim Nash, have both expressed interest in the board reviewing the shelter’s policies.

“We might just want to see what their processes are,” said Nash. “It would go through the Public Services committee — they’re the ones that would look into it. It would take someone putting in a resolution to do that. I’ll do whatever I can to help.”

About the author

Staff Writer Tiffany Esshaki covers Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills, Franklin and Bingham Farms along with Birmingham Public Schools, Oakland County Parks and Recreation and Oakland County Animal Control and Pet Adoption Center. Esshaki has worked for C & G Newspapers since 2011 and attended the University of Michigan-Dearborn and Oakland Community College.

For more local news coverage, see the following newspaper:

If the shelter has a policy, and might I add it's not the only agency I've heard of that does not adopt out pitbulls and other bully breeds, and if they do like Carrie McGowan states let rescues pull this breed for intent on a rescue having a better chance of placing it with the right owner then why are more rescues not pulling dogs from this shelter? Does Paws for Life pull on a regular basis animals from this shelter or are they just adding their two cents worth to this story and not actually backing what they say? What about cities and townships with bans on this breed?? Where's the outrage with what they are doing? I guess I don't get where this misdirected anger comes from for a shelter that is trying to do the right thing and place pitbulls with rescues where they have a better chance of placement through proper screening?

While it is correct that many agencies do not adopt out bully breeds and relies on rescues to screen adopters, the only requirement for a rescue to pull from this shelter is that they be a 501(c)3. The shelter needs a robust adoption screening process that includes all dogs and cats, regardless of breed, as it is just as important to screen for the poodle as it is for the pitbull. Screening would include checks on breed bans in the potential adopter's communities. There is no acceptable reason that the shelter cannot do what it is asking rescues to do, and definately no reason why they cannot do it while these poor dogs sit in cages for months or until they are killed instead.

In addition, the shelter does not limit the non-adoptable bully breeds to pitbulls, but rotts, shepherds, dobes, mastiffs and large dogs. A dog breed cannot be determined based on how a dog looks. More than 85% of the time that a dog is breed labeled based solely on physical characteristics that breed label is WRONG. That’s a fact based on scientific research and is a well-known and accepted fact in animal welfare – Oakland County needs to catch up to 2012.

The outcry has finally come, because the truth is being exposed. Oakland County claimed to be no-kill until May of this tear when infact they were killing 37% of the animals entering their doors. In a county that prides itself in being progressive they are literally decades behind in the animal welfar department. And those of us with pets and whose taxes fund this shelter want that to change.

Our suggestions follow the practices held up by our very own MI PetFund Alliance, Nathan Winograd of the No Kill Nation, as well as many animal controls who have wonderful return rates for their communities. We have research, we have personal stories, we have experience, and we have numbers to back our urges for change.

Please know that we are working hard on behalf of the animals.

To answer your question, yes, Paws for Life Rescue pulls dogs, and cats, from the Oakland County shelter and has had a relationship with the shelter going back to 2005. We receive daily calls from more than 17 shelters in Michigan that want us to pull death-row dogs and cats. To stop the killing, we need all shelters to operate using 2012 practices, policies and procedures to save lives and to give these pets a real chance at life. It is wrong to discriminate against pets based solely on how they look, instead of doing what every shelter is intended to do - adopt out the healthy, treatable dogs and cats to appropriate homes. For an animal shelter not to have an adoptions program that includes adoption counseling and matching people with pets is inexcusable. To put your entire burden of re-homing large dogs onto volunteer-run rescues that are already inundated with calls for help from shelters across the state, and surrounding states, is lazy and apathetic. Each group has a role to play and we don't make any progress toward No More Homeless Pets if some groups insist on dumping their responsibilities on others.

For anyone interested in attending the next Board of Commissioners meeting it will be held Wednesday, November 28, 2012 at 7pm. The address is: 1200 N. Telegraph Road, Pontiac, MI 48341. The meeting will be held in the Commissioner’s Auditorium located on the south side of the building. Further information and future meetings will be posted on the Facebook page: “Oakland County Animal Control-Concerned Tas Payers and Citizens”

Mr.Obrecht makes contradictory statements. In one statement he says there is “no blanket discrimination policy” but then later states that “no pits go out to the general public” Which is it??? What is at issue here are the dogs that are categorized as pit bulls. Many of them show no clear signs of being pit bull. There are many cases where the after the dogs are released to a shelter are adopted out to loving homes. Why can’t Oakland County do the same thing? Certainly OPAC, which is funded by our tax dollars, has the resources to do what private individuals are already doing successfully or are our tax dollars being spent inappropriately?

Larry Obrecht states that it is his job to fully investigate each animal’s background so the shelter doesn’t adopt-out a dog that’s been trained by its owners to be aggressive and could attack a new family member. The two dogs that I pulled, Lola and Meeka, noted in this article, were 8 months old and spent MONTHS in the shelter cages. There was absolutely no risk of these two dogs being trained to be aggressive and still the shelter refused to adopt them out based on their shelter given label as “pits”. They were very adoptable dogs and spent months growing up in the shelter, deemed unadoptable by the shelter based on their looks. I am very happy to report that after a few weeks in rescue both dogs have been adopted into wonderful homes.


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